Shoulder and Knee Arthroscopy
Arthroscopy is a minimally invasive procedure that uses a camera to look at joint problems rather than fully opening it up. It helps a surgeon to look, diagnose, and treat problems inside a joint.
Light is transmitted through fiber optics to the end of the arthroscope that is inserted into the joint.
By attaching the arthroscope to a tiny television camera, the surgeon can see the interior of the joint through this very small incision rather than a large incision needed for surgery.
About Shoulder Arthroscopy:
The shoulder probably has more movement than any other joint in the body. A rotator cuff is a group of muscles and their tendons that form a cuff over the shoulder joint. The tendons in the rotator cuff can tear when they are overused or injured. Shoulder arthroscopy may be recommended to patients with painful conditions in case the non-surgical treatment does not work.
Arthroscopic shoulder surgery can treat problems like:
- Torn rotator cuff
- Labral tears
- Frozen shoulder
Arthroscopic Knee Surgery:
The damage caused to cartilage surfaces and other soft tissues causes painful symptoms which may be relieved by Knee arthroscopy. The most common reason for knee arthroscopy is a ligament injury. Knee arthroscopy is beneficial if you have injured your knee in an accident or while playing sports.
- Dislocated kneecap
- Torn meniscus cartilage
- Damaged meniscus (requiring extensive repair)
- Plica syndrome
- New cartilage stimulation (known as micro fracture)
- Cartilage transfer
Robotic shoulder & knee arthroscopy surgery:
Successful total knee arthroplasty (TKA) has often been based on the restoration of the knee to neutral alignment postoperatively. Numerous reports have linked maligned TKA components to increased wear, poor functional outcomes, and failure
Anatomical Alignment places the overall component alignment at 2°–3° of varus to the mechanical axis of the lower extremity. The goal of this alignment is to co-align the 2 transverse axes by providing the most adequate shape fitting to achieve a “more natural” knee kinematics.
Computer navigation has been around a while in the operating room, but what separates this procedure from others is that it’s less invasive for patients. There is an infrared tracker that is used to communicate with a camera. The Navigation system uses an infrared camera and instruments along with unique tracking software to continually monitor the position and alignment of the implant components concerning the patient’s anatomy. Smart wireless instruments send data about the kinematics (movement) to the computer. The computer analyzes and displays data on a computer monitor in the form of charts and graphs that supply the surgeon with the angles, lines, and measurements needed to accurately align the prosthetic knee with the patient. It’s like having a GPS System in the operating room. With it, we can give a patient a new knee that has the optimal strength, stability, and range of motion, even in difficult anatomic situations.