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Total knee arthroplasty, often known as knee replacement surgery, helps to relieve pain & restore function in patients suffering from severe knee joint degeneration or debilitating disorders like osteoarthritis. This innovative surgical procedure has helped countless individuals regain mobility & enhance their quality of life.

Explore details of how knee replacement surgery is performed, & its benefits, potential disadvantages, & common concerns associated with the procedure.


Surgical Procedure: How Knee Replacement Surgery is Performed?

Knee replacement surgery comprises the removal of damaged knee joint tissue & the implantation of prosthetics to rebuild the joint. Prostheses are usually made of metal alloys & high-quality plastics.

Knee Surgery Types:

Knee replacement surgeries vary depending on the patient’s condition & knee damage. The two main types are.

  1. Total Knee Replacement: This involves replacing the entire knee joint with prosthetic components, including the femur, tibia, & patella.
  2. Partial Knee Replacement: In cases where an injury is limited to a particular knee compartment, only the affected compartment is replaced with prosthetic components.

The following are the typical stages involved in knee replacement surgery:

  1. Anesthesia: The patient is administered general or regional anaesthesia, which numbs the lower body while the patient remains conscious.
  2. Incision: Typically, orthopedic surgeon makes an 8 to 12-inch-long incision over the knee.
  3. Reshaping of Bones: The wounded femur & tibia surfaces are precisely reshape to accommodate the prosthetic components.
  4. Prosthesis Placement: Using bone cement or, in certain cases, press-fit techniques, the metal femoral & tibial components, as well as the plastic spacer, are securely affixed to the reshaped bone surfaces.
  5. Patellar Resurfacing: If necessary, the undersurface of the patella (kneecap) is resurfaced with a plastic (artificial) component to enhance its functionality & reduce friction.
  6. Wound Closure: The incision is carefully closed using sutures or staples, & a sterile dressing is applied.
  7. Recovery & Rehabilitation: Knee replacement surgery requires a strict rehabilitation program. Physical therapy usually begins promptly after surgery to restore knee mobility, strengthen adjacent muscles, & enhance overall joint function. Rehabilitation time & severity depend on individual conditions.

Disadvantages of Knee Replacement Surgery

Knee replacement surgery is generally safe & effective, but awareness of potential disadvantages or risks is necessary. The disadvantages of knee replacement surgery include:

  1. Surgical complications: Infection, blood clots, bleeding, nerve damage, & adverse reactions to anesthesia.
  2. Potential implant issues: Knee implant loosening or attrition (wear) may necessitate future revision surgery.
  3. Limited range of motion: After surgery, some patients may experience modest limitations in flexibility.
  4. Stiffness & swelling: This is a normal aspect of the healing process but can temporarily impair mobility.
  5. Rehabilitation challenges: The commitment to physical therapy & gradual increase in physical activity can be challenging.


The Truth About Knee Replacement Surgery 

It is essential to dispel any myths or concerns regarding knee replacement surgery. The truth about knee replacement surgery is:

  1. Effective pain management: Reduced chronic knee discomfort significantly.
  2. Improved quality of life: Increased mobility & capacity to engage in activities.
  3. High success rate: Most patients experience favorable outcomes & long-term satisfaction.
  4. Personalization & customization: Surgical procedures explicitly adapted to the patient’s requirements.
  5. Long-term durability: Modern knee implants can last at least 15 to 20 years.
  6. Enhanced joint function: Restores mobility, decreases pain, & improves stability.
  7. Increased mobility: Enhanced mobility & more freedom in walking (independence).
  8. Individualized care: Treatment plans customized to each patient’s specific needs.


Knee replacement surgery reduces pain, improves function, & enhances quality of life. Although the surgical procedure has potential rare disadvantages & risks, they are typically outweighed by its positive outcomes & long-term success.

Watch a Dr. Aashish Arbat’s detailed & informative total knee replacement video to gain insight into the surgical procedure “how knee replacement surgery is performed” & obtain a thorough understanding of the process.


What muscles are cut during total knee replacement? 

During total knee replacement surgery, particular muscles & soft tissues surrounding the knee joint may need to be gently moved or temporarily retracted to provide access to the joint. However, no main muscles are severed or removed intentionally during the procedure.

What is the knee replacement surgery cost? 

Knee replacement surgery costs can vary depending on location, type of surgery, hospital fees, surgeon’s fees, length of hospital stay, & postoperative rehabilitation expenses, among other variables. It is recommended to consult with Dr. Aashish Arbat, Orthopedic Doctor in Maharashtra, & insurance companies to comprehend the expected costs & coverage.

How painful is a total knee replacement? 

Pain levels after knee replacement surgery can differ from person to person. Although discomfort & pain are normal during the initial recovery period, medications & various pain management techniques are used to control & minimize postoperative pain. Most patients report a considerable decrease in knee pain & an improvement in overall function as recovery continues.

What is the most commonly reported problem after knee replacement surgery? 

Joint stiffness is one of the most commonly reported complications after knee replacement surgery. This can be effectively managed through consistent engaged in rehabilitation exercises, regular follow-up visits with the orthopedic surgeon Dr. Aashish Arbat, Knee & Hip Replacement Doctor in Pune, & strict adherence to the postoperative care instructions.

Dr. Aashish Arbat – The Best Knee Replacement Surgeon in Pune

Dr. Aashish Arbat is an internationally renowned Knee Replacement Doctor in Pune. With more than ten years of experience, he has used advanced techniques to help over 5,000 individuals. He is recognized as the first orthopedic surgeon in Western India to use 3D AI-powered robotic joint replacement. Dr. Arbat is well-known for his knee & shoulder procedures in India. His affiliations include IPL Gujarat, ProKabaddi League India, & Pune Wrestling Federation.

Consult with Dr. Aashish Arbat for accurate information, answer concerns, & educate clients through decision-making to ensure superior knee health & overall well-being.