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Joint Replacement Surgery

Welcome to our comprehensive guide, “Understanding Joint Replacement Surgery: A Guide For Patients.” If you’re looking for the best orthopedic doctor in Pune for your hip replacement surgery, you’ve come to the right place. Our experienced team of orthopaedic specialists provides top-quality care and treatment for all types of joint replacement procedures, including hip replacement in Pune. This guide aims to educate patients about joint replacement surgeries and covers everything you need to know to make informed decisions about your joint health. From the types of joint replacement surgeries available to the preparation process, surgical procedures, and recovery and rehabilitation, we’ve got you covered. Let’s dive in!


What is Joint Replacement Surgery?

Joint replacement surgery is a surgical procedure that aims to replace a damaged joint with a new one made from artificial materials. It is a common surgical procedure that is performed to relieve pain & improve joint function in people with joint damage due to injury, arthritis, or other conditions. Joint replacement surgery can help patients to return to their daily activities with less pain & greater mobility.

Types of Joint Replacement Surgeries

There are different types of joint replacement surgeries, depending on which joint is affected. The most common joint replacement surgeries are:


Replacement Material


Hip Replacement Surgery

Metal, Plastic or Ceramic

KneeKnee Replacement Surgery

Metal, Plastic or Ceramic


Shoulder Replacement Surgery

Metal, Plastic or Ceramic


Ankle Replacement Surgery

Metal, Plastic or Ceramic

ElbowElbow Replacement Surgery

Metal, Plastic or Ceramic


Candidates for Joint Replacement Surgery

Joint replacement surgery is recommended for patients with severe joint damage & pain that has not improved with nonsurgical treatments such as medications, physical therapy, & lifestyle changes. Candidates for joint replacement surgery typically have the following symptoms:

  1. Severe joint pain that limits daily activities & is not relieved by medication or physical therapy.
  2. Joint stiffness that makes it difficult to move or bend the affected joint.
  3. Joint swelling that persists despite medication or rest.
  4. Joint deformity that affects joint function.

Preparation for Joint Replacement Surgery

Pre-Surgery preparation for Joint Replacement Surgery

  • Medical evaluation

Before joint replacement surgery, the patient will undergo a thorough medical evaluation to ensure that they are healthy enough for surgery. This evaluation may include blood tests, X-rays, MRI scans, and other diagnostic tests to assess the condition of the joint and surrounding tissues.

  • Lifestyle changes

The patient will also be advised to make lifestyle changes such as quitting smoking, losing weight, and increasing physical activity to improve overall health and reduce the risk of complications during and after surgery.

The Joint Replacement Surgery Process

  • Surgical Procedure

During joint replacement surgery, the surgeon will make an incision over the affected joint & remove the damaged joint tissue. The surgeon will then replace the damaged joint with an artificial joint made from metal, plastic, or ceramic materials. The new joint will be securely anchored in place using cement or other materials.

  • Time & Recovery

The length of the surgery depends on the type of joint being replaced & the complexity of the surgery. The surgery may take several hours, & the patient may need to stay in the hospital for several days after the surgery for monitoring & recovery.

Recovery & Rehabilitation after Joint Surgery

  • Rehabilitation Planning 

After joint replacement surgery, the patient will need to undergo a period of rehabilitation to regain strength & mobility in the affected joint. Rehabilitation may involve physical therapy, occupational therapy, & other forms of therapy to help the patient regain strength & mobility in the affected joint.

  • Recovery Plan after Surgery

The patient will also need to follow a specific recovery plan that may include pain management, medication, & other measures to ensure a safe & speedy recovery. Most patients can return to their normal activities within a few weeks or months after joint replacement surgery.

The Joint Replacement Surgery Process

Once a patient has been deemed a candidate for joint replacement surgery & has completed all necessary preparations, they will undergo the surgery itself. The joint replacement surgery process typically involves the following steps:

  1. Anesthesia: The patient will be given either general anesthesia or a regional anesthesia, which numbs only the lower part of the body.
  2. Incision: The surgeon will make an incision over the affected joint & carefully move muscles & tissues aside to access the joint.
  3. Removal of damaged tissue: The surgeon will remove damaged cartilage & bone from the joint, taking care not to damage any healthy tissue.
  4. Placement of prosthesis: The surgeon will replace the removed tissue with an artificial joint (prosthesis) made of metal, plastic, or ceramic components. The prosthesis will be secured to the bone using either cement or a special coating that allows the bone to grow into the prosthesis.
  5. Closure of incision: The surgeon will close the incision with stitches or staples & apply a dressing or bandage.

Recovery & Rehabilitation After Joint Replacement Surgery At Home

After joint replacement surgery, patients typically spend a few days in the hospital to monitor their recovery and manage any pain. Once discharged, they will continue their recovery and rehabilitation at home. The following steps are commonly recommended for a successful recovery:

  1. Rest and Protection: Patients should rest and protect the affected joint for a few weeks after surgery. They may need to use assistive devices such as crutches, canes, or walkers to get around.
  2. Fall Prevention: Patients should use assistive devices as recommended by the doctor or physical therapist to prevent falls. They should also keep the floor clear of any objects that may cause tripping or slipping and use non-slip mats or strips in the bathroom and shower to avoid accidents.
  3. Physical Therapy: Patients work with a physical therapist to perform exercises that improve flexibility, strength, and range of motion in the affected joint. Recovery after joint replacement surgery involves range of motion exercises like gentle stretching, bending, and rotating the affected joint to improve flexibility. Strengthening exercises help rebuild muscle strength around the joint, improving stability and reducing pain.
  4. Swelling Management: Patients may need to apply ice to the affected joint for 20 minutes at a time, several times a day as directed by healthcare to reduce swelling.
  5. Pain Management: Patients may be prescribed pain medication to manage any discomfort they experience during recovery.
  6. Lifestyle Modifications: Patients may need to make certain modifications to their lifestyle to help protect the new joint, such as avoiding high-impact activities or losing weight.


Possible Complications & Preventive Measures  of Joint Replacement Surgery

Possible Complications of Joint Surgery

Like any surgical procedure, joint replacement surgery does carry some risks of complications. Some of the possible complications include:

  1. Infection: The risk of infection is relatively low but can occur. Patients may be prescribed antibiotics to help prevent infection.
  2. Blood clots: Blood clots can form in the leg veins after surgery, which can be dangerous if they travel to the lungs. Patients may be prescribed blood-thinning medication or compression stockings to help prevent blood clots.
  3. Loosening of the prosthesis: Over time, the prosthesis may loosen or wear down, which can cause pain & require revision surgery.
  4. Nerve damage: Nerves near the joint can be damaged during surgery, which can cause numbness, weakness, or pain.
  5. Joint dislocation: The new joint may become dislocated, which may require additional surgery to correct.

Preventive Measures For Reducing Complications After Joint Replacement Surgery

Here are some preventive measures that patients can take to reduce the risk of possible complications after joint replacement surgery:

  • Follow pre-operative instructions provided by your healthcare provider. Maintain a healthy lifestyle before & after surgery, including regular exercise, a nutritious diet, & maintaining a healthy weight.
  • Quit bad habits such as smoking before surgery to reduce the risk of complications.
  • Communicate any medical conditions, medications, or concerns you may have with your healthcare provider.
  • If needed, attend pre-operative classes or sessions to help prepare mentally & physically for surgery.
  • Follow post-operative instructions provided by your healthcare provider, including taking medications as prescribed, performing specific exercises, & avoiding certain activities.
  • Attend all follow-up appointments to monitor your progress & identify any potential complications.


While joint replacement surgery is a major procedure, it can provide many benefits to patients who are suffering from chronic joint pain & stiffness. These benefits include:

  1. Pain relief: Joint replacement surgery can significantly reduce or even eliminate joint pain, allowing patients to return to normal activities without discomfort.
  2. Improved mobility: With a new joint, patients may be able to move more easily & with less restriction.
  3. Better quality of life: Joint replacement surgery can improve a patient’s overall quality of life, allowing them to enjoy activities they may have previously avoided due to pain & stiffness.
  4. Long-term success: Joint replacement surgery is a long-term solution, with many patients experiencing significant improvements in joint function for 10-20 years or more.

Now if struggling for the best experienced joint replacement surgeon… do contact Dr. Aashish Arbat… the best joint replacement surgeon in Pune.

Dr. Aashish Arbat – Best Joint Replacement Surgeon in Pune

Dr. Aashish Arbat is an internationally acclaimed Joint Replacement Surgeon in Pune, with over a decade of experience of treating 3000+ patients via several enhance techniques. He is amongst the few surgeons in India, specialized for tissue preserving total knee replacement surgery in India.

Doctor Aashish is the one who introduced tissue preserving (Subvastus Cruciate Retaining) surgery… ultimately leading to patient’s quick recovery. Moreover, he is the one to introduce Bone Conserving Total Knee Replacement  Surgery… preserving patient’s natural wealth.

One should definitely contact him for  the best joint replacement surgery in Pune, Maharashtra, India.